How to lay tile in a bathroom
It is important to understand the tiling necessities, preparations, and the various processes of how to lay tile in a bathroom. This includes how to lay tile in a bathroom wall and how to lay tile in a bathroom shower. As with any project, it is important to allow enough time and money for accidents or damaged supplies along the way.
The first step in any tiling project is to plan and measure the work area. Planning includes designing how the tile area should look when completed. Having already selected the tile for the project, it is important to know exactly how much tile is needed and allowing extra for damages or mistakes. It is imperative to factor in the finishing options, such as top caps, accent tiles, and border tiles. The same method for the shower and walls is used for how to lay tile in a bathroom.
As for how to lay tile in a bathroom shower, it may first be necessary to gut the shower down to the studs. The shower pan and ceiling, as well as the flashing or plastic underneath may need replacing in order to avoid rot. Prepare the area by lining a bead of silicon caulk around the perimeter. Use the back of a plastic spoon to smooth the caulk. In order to avoid mold and mildew, a vapor barrier must be properly installed.
This same process applies as for how to lay tile in a bathroom wall. Install the cement backer board, much like drywall installation. Spackle where the backer board meets the wall. Once dry, apply a primer to assist in the adhesion of the thin-set mortar.
Measure from the bottom up on the backer board the height of a tile and subtract 1/2″. This will give you a 1/2″ overlap for the tile lip on your shower pan. Make sure to mark this. Using a level, transfer this mark across the shower stall. This will act as a guide for the top of the first row so that all the tiles will be level.
Dampen the cement board with a sponge in order to keep the cement from drawing out the moisture of the mortar (which can later cause cracking). Trowel a thin layer of thin-set onto the back of the tile and smooth it out with a notched trowel.
Always start in the middle when tiling. Place the tile onto the backer board and apply pressure. Use spacers between tiles to make grout lines, these are also necessary in allowing enough space between the bottom of the tile and the lip of the shower pan. Repeat the procedure, setting each row of tile on top of the last until the top of the stall is reached. Allow the tile to set for 48 hours. Lightly wet the grouting area with a wet sponge before grouting. The grout must cure for 3 days before it can be sealed with liquid grout. After the liquid sealer is dried, test its water resistance before applying caulk for any finishing touches.